It is estimated that there are more than 2,300 species of termites in the world. This might not be completely accurate, but it should be in the ballpark. In the U.S. alone, there are 45 known species. Some species are more highly developed than others in their caste systems, but most have three levels, which are:
The termite only develops what it needs for the good of the colony. For instance, soldiers and workers are blind because they don’t have to see to do their jobs. They communicate without the need of sight by scent or banging their heads together. Reproducers develop eyes when they are fully mature because they need them for their survival.
Subterranean termites are the species that get the most publicity because they do the most damage. Another name that gets attention is the Formosan termite, which is a species within the subterranean class. The Formosan does the most damage to property in the U.S.
Termites are noted for the largest nests among all insects. Termite mounds are prevalent in Africa and Australia, and they are a popular tourist attraction.
One oddity about termites is there inability to eat wood on their own. There is a single-cell organism that lives in their bodies to help them digest what they consume. It matters little how they are able to process wood when it is a part of your home they are eating at the time.
Before termites add your house to their list of restaurants, contact a local pest control expert to provide an examination and suggest a form of treatment. The sooner termites are discovered and treated, the less damage they can do to your property.